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Economic Statistics
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Economic Statistics

The purpose of this service is to provide easy access to current Federal economic indicators. It provides links to information produced by a number of Federal agencies. All of the information is maintained and updated by the statistical units of those agencies.

Employment

Civilian Labor Force
Total number of employed and unemployed persons, seasonally adjusted.
Bureau of Labor Statistics: U.S. Department of Labor.
Unemployment
Total number of persons unemployed, seasonally adjusted.
Bureau of Labor Statistics: U.S. Department of Labor
Unemployment Rate
Number of persons unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force, seasonally adjusted.
Bureau of Labor Statistics: U.S. Department of Labor
Employees on Nonfarm Payrolls
Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the Current Employment Statistics Survey (National) Preliminary data, seasonally adjusted.
Bureau of Labor Statistics: U.S. Department of Labor
Average Weekly Hours
Nonsupervisory workers on private nonfarm payrolls. Preliminary data, seasonally adjusted.
Bureau of Labor Statistics: U.S. Department of Labor
Employment Cost Index
Compensation for civilian workers. 3-month change as percent, seasonally adjusted.
Bureau of Labor Statistics: U.S. Department of Labor
Productivity
Output per hour of all persons in nonfarm business sector. Percent change from previous quarter at an annual rate. Data for current quarter are preliminary.
Bureau of Labor Statistics: U.S. Department of Labor
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Income

Disposable Personal Income
Total after-tax income received by persons; it is the income available to persons for spending or saving.
Bureau of Economic Analysis: U.S. Department of Commerce
Per Capita Real Disposable Income
This measure of income is calculated as the personal income of the residents of a given area divided by the resident population of the area. In computing per capita personal income, BEA uses the Census Bureau's annual midyear population estimates.
Bureau of Economic Analysis: U.S. Depasrtment of Commerce
Farm Sector Income
Gross farm income is the total of all income accruing to the farm sector from both cash and non-cash sources. Gross farm income can be derived from the value-added table as the sum of two line items: final agricultural sector output plus direct government payments.
Economic Research Service: U.S. Department of Agriculture
Household Income
Annual change, in real dollars, in median household income.
Bureau of the Census: Department of Commerce
Poverty
Annual change in the number in poverty and the poverty rate, 1959 to most recent year.
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
Household Wealth
Asset Ownership of Households: 1995 Highlights
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
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International

Balance on Current Account
The current account (international) is a record of transactions in goods, services, income, and unilateral current transfers between residents and nonresidents.
Bureau of Economic Analysis: U.S. Department of Commerce
U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services
A monthly, rolling two-year chart tracking the balance of U.S. imports and exports.
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
R&D Expenditures as a percent of GDP
Science and Engineering Indicators: 2008 (NSB 08-01), Figure 4-18. R&D share of gross domestic product, by selected countries: 1981–2006
Division of Science Resources Statistics: National Science Foundation
Net Oil Imports
Monthly crude oil and petroleum product imports
Energy Information Administration: U.S. Department of Energy
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Money

Money Stock and Components (H.6)
Federal Reserve Statistical Release H.6, Money Stock Measures, published weekly, provides measures of the monetary aggregates (M1 and M2) and their components.
U.S. Federal Reserve Board
Aggregate Reserves and the Monetary Base (H.3)
Federal Reserve Statistical Release H.3, Aggregate Reserves of Depository Institutions and the Monetary Base, is released each Thursday, generally at 4:30 p.m., unless Thursday is a federal holiday, in which case the data will be released on Friday, generally at 4:30 p.m.
U.S. Federal Reserve Board
Bank Credit at All Commercial Banks (H.8)
Federal Reserve Statistical Release H.8, Assets and Liabilities of Commercial Banks in the United States, is released each Friday, generally at 4:15 p.m., unless Friday is a federal holiday, in which case the data will be released on Thursday, generally at 4:15 p.m.
U.S. Federal Reserve Board
Interest Rates and Bond Yields (H.15)
Federal Reserve Statistical Release H.15, Selected Interest Rates (weekly), is released each Monday, generally at 2:30 p.m., unless Monday is a federal holiday, in which case the data will be released on Tuesday, generally at 2:30 p.m.
U.S. Federal Reserve Board
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Output

Gross Domestic Product
The market value of goods and services produced by labor and property in the United States, regardless of nationality; GDP replaced gross national product (GNP) as the primary measure of U.S. production in 1991.
Bureau of Economic Analysis: U.S. Department of Commerce
Nonresidential Fixed Investment
Consists of purchases of both nonresidential structures and equipment and software.
Bureau of Economic Analysis: U.S. Department of Commerce
Residential Investment
Consists of purchases of private residential structures and residential equipment that is owned by landlords and rented to tenants.
Bureau of Economic Analysis: U.S. Department of Commerce
Personal Saving Rate
Personal income less the sum of personal outlays and personal current taxes.
Bureau of Economic Analysis: U.S. Department of Commerce
Corporate Profits
This measure, profits from current production, is the income that arises from current production, measured before income taxes, of organizations treated as corporations in the national income and product accounts (NIPAS). With several differences, this income is measured as receipts less expenses as defined in Federal tax law. Among these differences are: Receipts exclude capital gains and dividends received; expenses exclude bad debt, depletion, and capital losses; inventory withdrawals are valued at current cost; and depreciation is on a consistent accounting basis and valued at current replacement cost.
Bureau of Economic Analysis: U.S. Department of Commerce
Quarterly Financial Report - Retail Trade
Large retailer's after-tax profits. The QFR data presented provide up-to-date aggregate statistics on the financial position of U.S. corporations. Based upon a sample survey, the QFR presents estimated statements of income and retained earnings, balance sheets, and related financial and operating ratios for manufacturing corporations with assets of $250,000 and over; and mining, wholesale trade and retail trade corporations with assets of $50 million and over. The statistical data are classified by industry and by asset size. This report provides data, when possible, on distortions in comparability owing to changes in accounting conventions or user needs.
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
Quarterly Financial Report - Manufacturing, Mining and Trade
U.S. manufacturers' after-tax profits. The QFR data presented provide up-to-date aggregate statistics on the financial position of U.S. corporations. Based upon a sample survey, the QFR presents estimated statements of income and retained earnings, balance sheets, and related financial and operating ratios for manufacturing corporations with assets of $250,000 and over; and mining, wholesale trade and retail trade corporations with assets of $50 million and over. The statistical data are classified by industry and by asset size. This report provides data, when possible, on distortions in comparability owing to changes in accounting conventions or user needs.
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
Personal Consumption Expenditures
The goods and services purchased by persons.
Bureau of Economic Analysis: U.S. Department of Commerce
National Expenditures for R&D by Performing Sector
Presents the National Science Foundation's most current information to date regarding R&D expenditures in the United States.
Division of Science Resources Statistics: National Science Foundation
Federal Obligations for Research and Development and R&D Plant
Presents the National Science Foundation's most current information to date regarding R&D expenditures in the United States.
Division of Science Resources Statistics: National Science Foundation
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Prices

Gross Domestic Purchases Prices
Measures the prices paid for goods and services purchased by U.S. residents. This index is derived from the prices of personal consumption expenditures (PCE), gross private domestic investment, and government consumption expenditures and gross investment. It differs from the gross domestic product (GDP) price index in that it excludes price changes in exports of goods and services and includes price changes in imports of goods and services.
Bureau of Economic Analysis: U.S. Department of Commerce
Consumer Price Index
All items, U.S. City Average, All Urban Consumers, seasonally adjusted.
Bureau of Labor Statistics: U.S. Department of Labor
Producer Price Index
Finished gods, seasonally adjusted.
Bureau of Labor Statistics: U.S. Department of Labor
Prices Received by Farmers
Monthly percent change, rolling ten-year window.
National Agricultural Statistics Service: U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crude Oil Prices
Spot and retail prices for crude and selected products.
Energy Information Administration: U.S. Department of Energy
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Production

Housing Starts/Building Permits
New Residential Construction: Building Permits, Housing Starts, and Housing Completions
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
Advance Report on Durable Goods Manufacturers' Shipments, Inventories, and Orders
Durable Goods, New Orders; rolling 12-months; seasonally adjusted, month-to-month percentage change.
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
Manufacturers' Shipments, Inventories, and Orders
Manufacturers' New Orders; rolling 12-months; seasonally adjusted, month-to-month percentage change.
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
Advance Monthly Sales for Retail and Food Services
Percent change in retail and food services sales.
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
Manufacturing and Trade Inventories and Sales
Data adjusted for seasonal, holiday and trading-day differences but not for price changes; rolling ten-year period.
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
Quarterly Financial Report - Retail Trade
Large retailers' after-tax profits.
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
Quarterly Financial Report - Manufacturing, Mining and Trade
U.S. manufacturers' after-tax profits.
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
Quarterly Services Survey
Quarterly revenue for four NAICS (North American Industry Classification System) categories: Information; Professional, scientific, and technical services; administrative, support, waste management, and remediation; and hospitals, nursing, and residentital care facilities.
Bureau of the Census: U.S. Department of Commerce
Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization (G.17)
The Federal Reserve's monthly index of industrial production and the related capacity indexes and capacity utilization rates cover manufacturing, mining, and electric and gas utilities. The industrial sector, together with construction, accounts for the bulk of the variation in national output over the course of the business cycle. The industrial detail provided by these measures helps illuminate structural developments in the economy.
The production index measures real output and is expressed as a percentage of real output in a base year, currently 2002. The capacity index, which is an estimate of sustainable potential output, is also expressed as a percentage of actual output in 2002. The production indexes are computed as Fisher indexes since 1972; the weights are based on annual estimates of value added. The rate of capacity utilization equals the seasonally adjusted output index expressed as a percentage of the related capacity index.
U.S. Federal Reserve Board.
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Transportation

Economic Indexes: Transportation Services Index
The Transportation Services Index (TSI) is a measure of the month-to-month change in the output of services provided by the for-hire transportation industry.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
Air Travel Price Index
The U.S.-Origin ATPI measures change in the cost of itineraries originating in the United States, whether the destinations are domestic or international. The Foreign-Origin ATPI measures change in the cost of itineraries with a foreign origin and a U.S. destination. The Full-Scope ATPI combines the domestic and foreign-origin itineraries.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
US Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico
Surface freight is useful in monitoring the value and modal patterns of trade with Canada and Mexico, our North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
Domestic Airline Jet Fuel
Jet fuel prices reported to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics differ from producer prices. Reports to BTS show the cost per gallon of fuel used by an airline during the month rather than the price charged by a producer on a single day. Fuel costs for scheduled airline services reflect contractual and storage advantages available to large buyers, while fuel costs for nonscheduled airline services reflect economic conditions for smaller buyers. Jet fuel prices also reflect seasonality due to both the seasonality of aviation and because jet fuel has similar refining requirements to heating oil.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
Major U.S. Air Carrier On-time Performance
The number of flights not departing or arriving on time, cancellations, and diversions are measures of service quality. These indicators are strongly seasonal and are affected by weather and heavy demand in winter and summer months, respectively.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
Motor Fuel Prices: Retail Diesel Prices
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
Motor Fuel Prices: Retail Gasoline
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
U.S. Highway Vehicle Miles Traveled
Vehicle miles traveled (VMT) are key data for highway planning and management, and a common measure of roadway use. Along with other data, VMT are often used in estimating congestion, air quality, and potential gas-tax revenues, and can provide a general measure of the level of the nation's economic activity.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
Amtrak Ridership
Number of passengers (monthly data, not seasonally adjusted).
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
Index of Railroad Fuel Prices
The price data, which include federal excise taxes, transportation, and handling expenses, represent the average monthly price for fuels purchased by freight railroads during each month; not seasonally adjusted.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
Rail Capacity Utilization: Rail Passenger Load Factor
Rail passenger load factor is related to the potential capacity of the U.S. rail system relative to its actual performance.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
Rail Freight: Revenue Ton-Miles
The current value is compared to the value from the same period in the previous year to account for seasonality.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
Rail On-Time Performance
Amtrak trips of up to 250 miles are considered on time if they arrive less than 10 minutes beyond the scheduled arrival time; 251-350 miles, 15 minutes; 351-450 miles, 20 minutes; 451-550 miles, 25 minutes; and greater than 550 miles, 30 minutes.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
Use of Passenger Rail: Revenue Passenger Miles
Bureau of Transportation Statistics: U.S. Department of Transportation
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